Mind-mapping can be a particularly powerful visual tool for shaping thought. The basic principle here is to note down the central topic or idea in the centre of a piece of paper and work outwards adding the points which flow from and connect to it. It is particularly helpful for seeing the different levels of thought discussed above. Figure 3 is a mind-map drawn by someone planning to write an essay on memory.
Figure 3: Mind-map for memory essay
(Based on a mind-map by C. Barrett)
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